Jeff Haanen


In past years there has been a renewed interest among evangelicals in “the common good.” Several years ago Gabe Lyons started a traveling conference called “Q,” which chose the tagline “ideas for the common good.” Andy Crouch, an editor at Christianity Today, recently counseled evangelicals to restore the historic phrase to our shared lexicon. A conference in Virginia was recently entitled Common Good RVA. This Is Our City regularly features stories about Christians who are making “common good decisions” in their city. It’s as if evangelicals have self-consciously come out of their narrow religious enclaves and now are finally caring about elements of urban life we share with our non-believing neighbors.

But there’s something awry here. 

The problem doesn’t lay in the actual actions themselves. Cleaning a beach or planting a community garden is well and good. But what makes Christians unique in the world? Is it these types of “common good decisions?” Absolutely not. What makes Christians unique is the harmony between serving the common good and speaking the words of the gospel.

Secular people or people from other faiths make these kinds of “common good decisions” all the time. Take, for example, the Acumen Fund. The Acumen Fund is a non-profit that uses entrepreneurial ventures to address poverty throughout the word. According to their website, they’ve impacted over 100 million lives. They invest in social business, and have alleviated poverty through small business for people stretching from Cambodia to Peru. Health, water, housing, energy, and agricultural products. All accessible to millions because of their work. And at least from their website, it looks like God isn’t terribly important  to their organization. (The examples could go on and on, from TED presenters to the work of the Gates Foundation.)

Now, Christians would rightly say that this is an expression of “common grace” – God providing for the world even through non-believers. And I believe Christians should rejoice in any and every step toward justice and peace, whether at the hands of believers or non-believers. Christians are right to work alongside of anybody and everybody in bringing about relief for the poor. But I would still ask: What difference is there between this “common good decision” and that of a Christian?

What makes Christians unique is not their good deeds, but the message they bear of a man whose incarnation, life, death and resurrection has permanently altered human history and now demands the loyalty of every human being. Christians are indeed called to good works (Eph. 2:10), but they are called to do them “in the name of Jesus.”

This idea may be controversial, even for my fellow Christians, but if good deeds are not done “in the name of Jesus,” they can’t truly be called Christian. There is a deep tendency in the past several years among evangelicals to stress building community and engaging the broader world, but there hasn’t been a concurrent revival of interest in evangelism. But Christians who seek to live faithfully for God in the world must always marry their “common good decisions” with the words of the gospel. This doesn’t have to be annoying or necessarily happening every day, but we must give all men a reason for the hope we have (1 Pet. 3:15), whether we design residential homes or fix cars. The pendulum has swung the other way, and it’s time we brought it back to the center.

Consider the pattern of Jesus in the book of John.  When Jesus healed a paralyzed man in the pool of Bethesda (John 5:1-14), he immediately explained his actions through teaching (5:16-47). The next chapter Jesus makes a “common good decision” by feeding 5,000, but then he also tells everybody that he is the bread of life. His miracles were meant to verify the truth of the gospel. Again in chapter 9, he heals a blinds man, and then talks about spiritual blindness. He always brought together his actions with his words.

In contemporary evangelicalism, many pastors have gone bonkers over “common grace” and “common good decisions”, but in the process some have forgotten the very public role of “special grace”, that message of God’s redemption in Jesus that is meant for the whole world.

We should not over-react again and then say that the fine people at the Acumen Fund, for example, aren’t important, or that Christians should only be evangelists and abandon the life the world. This would be a bad idea.  But what makes Christians unique in the world is the gospel. Our common good decisions should point to the gospel, and our words should make it explicit.   If we leave out the actions, the words of the gospel are empty. If we leave out the words, our actions are mute. Mission is built on the premise that social involvement and preaching are two sides of the same coin.

Serving the common good isn’t enough by itself. But when Christians illuminate the motivations for neighbor love with the Christian story, actions become rich symbols of the reign of God in the world.

(Photo: Water Fountain, Andrew Brandon)

  • Chris Little
    11:11 AM, 19 March 2013

    Thanks for the thoughts, Jeff.
    I was thinking about ‘good’ recently, though not so aware of the context you address (the promotion of “the common good” hasn’t been as much a feature in the part of Australian Christianity I know).

    My concern is that doing good can be too tightly linked to the proclamation of the gospel, and that this actually denigrates the goodness of good (further explained here:

    Can I pick up a specific phrase from your post? I think I’d disagree with, “If we leave out the actions, the words of the gospel are empty.” The gospel is an announcement – words. These words are never empty because they’re God’s words. I’d prefer to say. “If we leave out the actions, our claim to be gospel people is empty.”

    Anyway, I’m glad to discover your blog and will certainly now follow & read it. Thanks!

  • Pingback: Why Serving the Common Good Isn’t Enough – The Gospel Coalition Blog
  • Loren Paulsson
    6:09 PM, 19 March 2013

    Sometimes I wonder if part of the problem you’re describing is that the common grace vs. special grace paradigm isn’t adequate for a full discussion of the common good as we experience it. Or put another way, why can’t either side of this discussion escape the tension between the common and the special…and articulate a vision for how the two are actually married…not just added together in whatever proportion?

  • jhaanen
    9:34 PM, 19 March 2013

    Chris, thanks for your thoughts. I must, however, respectfully disagree. What would Jesus’ preaching be (words) if he had not gone to cross and risen from the dead (deeds)? What would Jesus death and resurrection (deeds) have been for the early church if there wasn’t somebody to explain them (words)? The pattern is all over Scripture. God speaks. God acts. They go together, and musn’t be prioritized one over another. Perhaps I did put it too strong that the gospel words are “empty” – but if there are no deeds, the gospel isn’t fully understood or believed in an unbelieving world.
    Loren, thanks for your feedback. I tried to articulate that vision with the post – both are needed, like a body and a soul. How best do you think we should communicate this truth?

    • Chris Little
      11:03 PM, 19 March 2013

      Thanks again Jeff

      I think we disagree about a more fundamental question: can we correlate Jesus’ acts/deeds with a believer’s good works? I pretty much agree with what you say about Jesus, and the pattern of God through the Bible – but that does not of necessity mean we are the same. It may be so! But that need to be argued … probably in another post, hey?


  • sredden
    6:12 PM, 23 April 2013

    To be fair to Gabe Lyons and Andy Crouch and their respective organizations, anyone who reads this article and is concerned about their commitment to the gospel should listen to their own explanation of their use of this term here:

    “God is the ultimate common good.”

    • jhaanen
      2:30 AM, 28 April 2013

      So how do you define the common good: the most good for the most amount of people?

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